Lucknow Gharana also known as "Purab gharâna", is one of the six main gharanas or styles in tabla. Founded by Mian Bakshu, Siddhar Khan's grandson, in mid eighteenth century, this gharana is considered an offshoot of the latter's gharana. This school was heavily patronized by the nawabs of Awadh and came to be closely linked with kathakbaj) is classified as the Purab baj, also called the khula baj. Lukhnow gharānā branched out of Delhi gharānā when the two brothers Modu and Bakshu Khan moved to Lukhnw there, the Nawabs (Muslim princes) would mainly patronize Kathak, a classical dance form of the North accompanied with the pakhavaj, the still living ancestor of tabla. Modu and Bakshu Khan collaborated with the performers of these arts and ended up in creating a unique style of tabla playing adapted from Kathak and pakhavaj compositions. Among these upgrades, "Gat" and "Paran" are two types of compositions that are very common in Lucknow gharānā. Lucknow style has also conceived its very own item, known as "Raon": it consists of extremely fast, delicate and colorful fillings inside basic rhythmic patterns called Chalan". Some of the prominent names in this gharānā include Ustad Abid Hussain Khan, his nephew Ustad Wajid Hussain Khan, Ustad Afaq Hussain (son of Wajid Hussein Khan), Pandit Hiru Ganguly, PanditSantosh Kishan Biswas and Pandit Swapan Chaudhuri . Lucknow gharana has given birth to two other gharanas: Banaras and Farukhabad.
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